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History of Maxillofacial Surgery

Posted on 5/1/2024 by Mountain State Oral and Facial Surgery
A person holding their jaw in painSurprisingly, maxillofacial surgery has existed for a long time. Neolithic dentistry dates back as far as 13,000 years. Here is a historical outlook on maxillofacial surgery.

Oral Surgery by Hippocrates

Hippocrates is among the most ancient oral surgeons recorded in history, with evidence of this practice dating as far back as 500 to 300 BCE. Writings between Hippocrates and Aristotle detailed discussions about dental practices, ranging from tooth extraction to wired jaws.

The Findings by the Arab Army

The Arab army invaded the Indian province of Sind in the 8th century, and they found written works that seemingly predated the records of maxillofacial surgery by Hippocrates. These written works describe various surgical options, such as skin flap surgery to repair damage to the face.

The Barbers from France

In 1210 CE, the history of oral surgery took a positive turn when a group of French barbers formed a group of surgeons, with the groups starting from the less advanced to advanced surgeries. This organization became the oral surgery organization of its kind.

Oral Surgery in the Middle Ages

During the 14th Century CE (the Middle Ages), there is no record showing that any dentists were practicing at the time. The specialists practicing at the time were oral surgeons with no formal training, and their skills and techniques were those passed down to them from earlier surgeons.

British Surgeons

More information on maxillofacial surgery was noted among British surgeons living in India. British surgeons went beyond maxillofacial surgery to repair damage to the face. They understood that knowledge was important and should be documented, so by the 16th century, there were formal medical books detailing the procedure.

The 18th Century

Great oral and maxillofacial surgeons emerged strongly in the 1800s. Simon Hullihen performed multiple surgeries to correct jaw fractures and jaw abnormalities. He also was the first to invent specific tools for maxillofacial surgery. James Garretson also played an important part in oral and maxillofacial surgery. He gave a name to the profession and wrote A System of Oral Surgery.

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